CAIN Web Service
Abstracts on Organisations - 'C'
Compiled: Martin Melaugh ... Additional Material: Brendan Lynn and Fionnuala McKenna
Material is added to this site on a regular basis - information on this page may change
initial letter of the name of the organisation
Campaign for Democracy in Ulster (CDU)
The Campaign for Democracy in Ulster (CDU) was established in early 1965 by a group of British Labour Party MPs. The chairperson and prime mover of the group was Paul Rose. The CDU investigated allegations of religious discrimination in Northern Ireland. The CDU was especially active in pressing for reforms during the late 1960s. However, the group only achieved limited sucess and was not able to influence the Labour government under Harold Wilson before the outbreak of violence on 5 October 1968.
Selection of Publications produced by CDU:
Campaign for Democracy in Ulster (CDU). (1967). Report on a visit by the Campaign for Democracy in Ulster (CDU) to Northern Ireland, 14-16 April 1967. London: CDU.
[A copy of this report appeared as an appendix to: Rose, Paul. (1981). Backbencher's Dilemma. London: Frederick Muller.]
Chapter 3, in, Purdie, Bob. (1990). 'Politics in the Streets: The origins of the civil rights movement in Northern Ireland'. Belfast: Blackstaff Press
Campaign for Democratic Rights in Northern Ireland (CDRNI)
Campaign for Devolved Parliament (CDP)
A campaign launched in March
1988 to try to replace the Anglo-Irish Agreement (AIA) by a devolved
parliament in Northern Ireland. Under the plan the parliament
would exercise executive power including responsibility for policing.
There would also be a Bill of Rights and a cross-border dimension.
Campaign for Equal Citizenship (CEC)
A campaign established during a meeting in Belfast on 14 May 1986. The CEC argued that British political parties, such as the Labour
and Conservative, should organise and stand for election in Northern
Ireland. The CEC had similar aims to that of the Campaign for
Labour Representation in Northern Ireland (CLRNI). The CEC was also in favour of the full administrative integration of Northern Ireland into the United Kingdom. The CEC was
initially lead by Robert McCartney. Much of the support for the
group came from the Unionist community, although it claimed cross-community
support. Although both the Labour and Conservative parties said
in 1988 that they would not organise in Northern Ireland, the
Conservative Party was forced, by a vote at their annual conference
in 1989, to begin campaigning in the region.
Campaign for Labour Representation in Northern Ireland (CLRNI)
A campaign set up in 1977
to try to persuade the British Labour Party to organise and stand
for election in Northern Ireland. Currently it is not possible
for anyone living in Northern Ireland to become a member of the
Labour Party. The CLRNI was to act as a model for groups with
similar objectives such as the Campaign for Equal Citizenship
(CEC). The CLRNI endorsed 13 candidates in the District Council
elections in May 1993 but only one, Mark Langhammer, was elected.
The group decided to dissolve on 23 September 1993 having failed
in its central aim.
Campaign for Social Justice in Northern Ireland (CSJ)
A group which began campaigning for 'civil rights' in Northern
Ireland in 1964. The Campaign for Social Justice in Northern Ireland (CSJ) began in Dungannon, County Tyrone, with a committee made up mainly from the Catholic middle-class. The committee of the Campaign for Social Justice was listed in February 1965 as: Mrs Patricia McCluskey, Mrs Maura Mullally, Mrs Olive Scott, Maurice Byrne BDS, JJ Donnelly, Peter Gormley MB FRCS,
Conor Gilligan FRCS, Brian Gregory BA FRIBA, Conn McCluskey MB, Thomas McLaughlin, Sean McGivern, Hugh P McConville PT. The original address for the CSJ was given as, Castlefields, Dungannon, County Tyrone. Its main approach in the mid 1960s was to try to publicise what it saw as injustices in the region through a series of booklets, pamphlets, letters, meetings, etc. Much of this material related to perceived discrimination in employment, housing, electoral practices, and public appointments. One of the first publications was a pamphlet entitled 'Northern Ireland The Plain Truth' which was published on 5 February 1964.
Selection of Publications produced by CSJ included:
Campaign for Social Justice in Northern Ireland (CSJ). (1964), Northern Ireland The Plain Truth, (First edition), (5 February 1964), [PDF File; 58KB]. Dungannon: CSJ.
Campaign for Social Justice in Northern Ireland (CSJ). (1964), Northern Ireland: Why Justice Can Not Be Done - The Douglas Home Correspondence, (September 1964), [PDF File; 132KB]. Dungannon: CSJ.
Campaign for Social Justice in Northern Ireland (CSJ). (1964), Northern Ireland: What The Papers Say, [PDF File; 61KB]. Dungannon: CSJ.
Campaign for Social Justice in Northern Ireland (CSJ). (1965), Londonderry: One Man, No Vote, (19 February 1965), [PDF File; 281KB]. Dungannon: CSJ.
Campaign for Social Justice in Northern Ireland (CSJ). (1966), Northern Ireland: Legal Aid to Oppose Discrimination - Not Likely!, (2 November 1966), [PDF File; 42KB]. Dungannon: CSJ.
Campaign for Social Justice in Northern Ireland (CSJ). (1969), Northern Ireland The Plain Truth, (Second edition), (15 June 1969), [PDF File; 1544KB]. Dungannon: CSJ.
Campaign for Social Justice in Northern Ireland (CSJ). (1972), Northern Ireland: The Mailed Fist, [PDF File; 550KB]. Dungannon: CSJ (and the Association for Legal Justice).
In addition the CSJ published 17 editions of a newsletter.
Chapter 3, in, Purdie, Bob. (1990). 'Politics in the Streets: The origins of the civil rights movement in Northern Ireland'. Belfast: Blackstaff Press
Catholic Anti-Discrimination (CAD)
A group set up in 1969 to campaign against what it saw as discrimination and prejudice against
Catholics in industry, commerce and government.
Catholic Ex-Servicemen's Association (CEA)
An organisation set up in 1971 following the introduction of Internment with the stated
aim of 'protecting' Catholic areas. It founding member was Phil
Curran who, in common with other members, had previous military
training. The CEA was paramilitary in nature but unarmed, and
at its most active in 1972 it was claimed that the membership
Central Citizens' Defence Committee (CCDC)
An organisation established
in 1969 which amalgamated a number of West Belfast community and
defence groups. The first Chairman of the CCDC was Jim Sullivan.
The CCDC highlighted the alleged excesses of British troops in
the 34 hour curfew of the Falls Road, Belfast, in July 1970. The
headquarters of the CCDC was bombed in an attack in November 1973.
Central Community Relations Unit (CCRU)
The CCRU was established in 1987 to advise the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland,
and the British Government, on community relations in Northern Ireland and also to co-ordinate efforts at improving relations between the communities. In 2000 the CCRU was renamed the Community Relations Unit (CRU) and it became part of the Equality Unit of the Office of the First Minister and Deputy First Minister. Between 1987 and 2000 the CCRU was a part of the Central Secretariat of the Northern Ireland Civil Service. CCRU had three main aims: firstly to ensure that everyone
in Northern Ireland has equality of opportunity and equality of
treatment; secondly to increase cross-community contact and co-operation;
and thirdly to encourage mutual understanding and respect for
different cultures and traditions in Northern Ireland. An important
role of the CCRU was to ensure that the various government departments
took account of community relations, equality and equity dimensions
in all policy formation.
Under the Community Relations Programme the CCRU supported: the
Northern Ireland Community Relations Council (CRC); the District
Council Community Relations Programme which included the Community
Relations Officers initiative in the 26 district councils of the
region; reconciliation bodies; cultural traditions groups; and
the provision of community based facilities open to both sides
of the community.
The CCRU was also responsible for a number of initiatives including:
Targeting Social Need (TSN); reviews of the Fair Employment (NI)
Act 1989; Policy Appraisal and Fair Treatment (PAFT); government
response to race relations in Northern Ireland; and policy developments
in relation to minority languages.
The CCRU also funded academic research into aspects of community
relations and the conflict. Most of this research was carried out
by academics in Northern Ireland.
Central Statistical Office (CSO)
United Kingdom government
department which until 1995(?) was responsible for collecting
statistical information about the work of all the various sectors
of government. Many of the publications contain information on
Northern Ireland. The work of the CSO was taken over by the Office for National Statistics.
Centre for Cross-Border Studies
The Centre for Cross Border Studies is a joint initiative by The Queen’s University of Belfast, Dublin City University and the Workers’ Educational Association (Northern Ireland). It is based in Armagh, Northern Ireland, and was set up in 1999 to research and develop co-operation across the Irish border in education, business, public administration, communications and a range of other practical areas.
It aims to provide an objective, university-based environment for policy research into, and the development of, practical co-operation between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.
Centre for Religion
The Centre for Religion is currently a development project of the local authority for the city and district of Armagh. The overall aim of the Centre is to promote an understanding of religion and the ways in which it influences societies, cultures and identities, and to enable individuals to access information from academic, religious and other sources which will help them understand the social role of religion, and the beliefs and practices associated with each religious tradition. The Centre is essentially an educational venture - it does not set out to promote religious belief or any particular form of religion - and it is not restricted to religion in Northern Ireland. It aims to provide information on as many faiths and religious organisations as possible.
[Old Web Site: http://www.cfr.clara.net/]
Centre for the Social Study of Religion
The Centre for the Social Study of Religion (CSSR) has been created by The Queen’s University of Belfast as an academic unit, specialising in the sociology of religion. It is based in the Centre for Religion, alongside the existing Queen's University Outreach Campus in Armagh. The Centre was launched in autumn 1999, and is under the direction of the sociologist Professor John D. Brewer. It is currently developing a research agenda and teaching activities, which will include an MA in the sociology of religion.
[Old Web Site:
Centre for the Study of Conflict (CSC)
The Centre for the Study of Conflict was an interdisciplinary research centre within the
School of History, Philosophy and Politics at the University of Ulster at Coleraine. The CSC was established in 1977 and carried out research into aspects of the Northern Ireland conflict until 2000. The main objectives of the Centre were to: promote and encourage research
on the conflict; provide a forum for cross disciplinary and comparative
studies; make an informed and impartial contribution to the public
discussion of the conflict; develop a general and theoretical
understanding of conflict from a strong empirical base; to relate
research findings to policy and practice; and develop a comparative
programme of research on ethnic conflict on an international basis.
The CSC carried out primary research, organised conferences and
seminars, provided facilities for visiting scholars, and wrote
a wide range of reports, books and other publications. Further
information is available at the Centre's web site.
List of CSC Publications
Challenge for Youth (CY)
A project established in
1989 to provide motivational training for disadvantaged and 'at
risk' young people. The project was set up by the Northern Ireland
Association for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (NIACRO)
and The Fairbridge Society a London based charity.
Charter Group (CG)
The Charter Group was established in 1986 and largely drawn from the ranks of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP). Led by Harry West, a former leader of the UUP, the Charter Group advocated the return of devolved government to Northern Ireland and published its own policy document in 1987. The ideas were however rejected by James Molyneaux, then leader of the UUP, who made it clear that it did not represent party policy.
Children's Community Holidays (CCH)
An organisation formed in
1975 to provide summer holidays for children (8 to 15 years) from
Catholic and Protestant areas which were suffering from the highest
levels of violence. The CCH also provides a range of follow-up
activities to encourage further contact opportunities.
Children's Project (Northern Ireland)
An organisation established
in 1983 by Gary Rocks, with finance from the Irish Children's
Fund in Chicago, to enable meaningful contacts between young (12
to 17 years) Catholics and Protestants. The groups aims to improve
understanding and reconciliation between the communities in Northern
Churches' Central Committee for Community Work (CCCW)
The committee was set up
in 1971 to promote practical inter-church co-operation in the
areas of community and social work. The committee is one of the
areas where the four main churches actively co-operate to improve
Churches' Peace Education Programme (CPEP)
An programme established
in 1978 to support the Education for Mutual Understanding (EMU)
initiative by supplying schools with curriculum materials, providing
training for schools, and providing resources through the Peace
Education Resource Centre (PERC). The programme was established
by the Irish Council of Churches (Protestant) and the Irish Commission
for Justice and Peace (Catholic).
Coiste na n-Iarchimí
According to the Coiste web site: "Coiste na n-Iarchimí is the umbrella organisation co-ordinating groups and individuals working for the social, economic and emotional well-being of republican ex-prisoners, displaced persons and former activists and their families."
Combined Loyalist Military Command (CLMC)
An umbrella organisation
established in 1991(?) to co-ordinate the activities of all the
Loyalist paramilitary groups. It was made up of 12 representatives
from the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), the Ulster Freedom Fighters
(UFF) - a 'cover name' used by the Ulster Defence Association
(UDA) - and the Red Hand Commandos (RHC). It first came to public
attention on 17 April 1991 when it called a 'cease-fire' during
inter-party talks held at Stormont in Northern Ireland. This 'cease-fire'
ended on 4 July 1991.
On Thursday 13 October 1994 the CLMC issued a statement,
read by Gusty Spense, that it would "cease all operational
hostilities as from 12 midnight". This was in response to
the Irish Republican Army's (IRA) cease-fire of six weeks earlier.
At present (February 1997) this cease-fire has been 'officially'
maintained despite the ending of the IRA cease-fire on 9 February
Commission for Victims and Survivors Northern Ireland
See entry in the list of victims groups.
Commissioner of Complaints
The officer and office set
up in 1969(?) to deal with complaints made against local authorities
(currently the 26 district councils) and other public bodies.
Committee on the Administration of Justice (CAJ)
A group established in 1980
to monitor the administration of justice in Northern Ireland and
to work for the highest standards in the administration of justice.
The CAJ has pressed for reforms to the legal system in the region
and has issued many frequent statements. It also commissions and
publishes frequent reports on various aspects of the system of
justice in Northern Ireland. The CAJ is a cross-community group
which believes that the application of internationally agreed
human rights standards to Northern Ireland should not be an issue
for contention between the two communities. The organisation therefore
works to remove sectarian attitudes from the debate on issues
of justice and human rights.
List of CAJ publications
Communist Party of Ireland (CPI)
Political Party which organises
in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The CPI was originally
formed in 1933 but split in 194x into the Irish Worker's Party
and the Communist Party of Northern Ireland (CPNI). The two parties
reunited in 1970.
Communist Party of Northern Ireland (CPNI)
Communist Political Party
established after the Communist Party of Ireland split in 194x
into the Irish Worker's Party (IWP), in the Republic of Ireland,
and the CPNI (?). Merged again with the IWP in 1970 (?).
Community Action for Locally Managed Stress (Calms)
An orgainsation set up to support victims of the conflict. (xx)
(See: Details on victims organisations.)
Community Foundation for Northern Ireland (CFNI)
Formerly known as the Northern Ireland Voluntary Trust (NIVT), the Community Foundation for Northern Ireland is an independent grant-making body. The funds provided are aimed at providing resources for a wide range of projects that seek to promote community development as well as supporting the work of voluntary organisations also engaged in this field.
Community of the Peace People (CPP)
synonyms: Peace People
(See: Peace People.)
Community Relations Branch, Department of Education Northern Ireland
(See: Department of Education Northern Ireland, Community Relations Branch.)
Community Relations Commission (CRC)
(See: Northern Ireland Community Relations Commission; NICRC)
Community Relations Council (CRC)
The Council was established
in January 1990 to attempt to promote better community relations
in Northern Ireland. James Hawthorne was appointed as the first
chairman and Mari Fitzduff as the first director of the Council.
The Council was set up as a response to a proposal in a report
to the Northern Ireland Standing Advisory Commission on Human
Rights (SACHR). The Council has 21 members of whom one third are
appointed by Government. The activities of the Council are divided
into three main areas: Reconciliation - working with groups which
have a primary community relations focus; Work and Community -
encouraging organisations to set up a community relations perspective
to their operations; Cultural Traditions - encouraging greater
acceptance of the cultural traditions of both communities.
The CRC has published a number of reports, guides and other publications.
List of CRC Publications
Community Relations In Schools (CRIS)
CRIS was set up in the Belfast
area in 1983 to support teachers who are involved in cross-community
The Compensation Agency (CA)
The Compensation Agency was established in April 1992 to support the victims of violent crime by providing compensation to those who sustain loss as a result of actions taken under emergency provisions legislation. The Agency carries out this work on behalf of the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
Concerned Families Against Drugs (CFAD)
A vigilante organisation which operated in Republican areas of Belfast and which targeted those it alleged were involved in “anti-social behaviour”, particularly those suspected of dealing in drugs. Its activities were noted by the Independent Monitoring Commission (IMC) particularly in its 22nd report [PDF, 705KB].
[Entry added by Brendan Lynn, September 2011]
Confederation of British Industry (CBI)
The CBI is a group which
represents the interests of industry and commerce in the United
Kingdom. The CBI is active in Northern Ireland and it has an important
role in influencing government policy.
Conservative Party, The
synonyms: The Conservative and Unionist Party
One of the two main British political parties. Historically the
Conservative Party was closely aligned with the Unionists in opposition
to Home Rule for Ireland. However, with the onset of 'the Troubles'
the relationship between the Conservatives and the Unionists became
more circumspect. Unionists were infuriated when the Conservative
Government of the day suspended the Stormont Government in Northern
Ireland in 1972. Since 1974 the Conservative Party has not extended
the Whip to Unionist Members of Parliament who have sat in the
opposition benches. From 1979 to 1997 the Conservative Party formed the government of the United Kingdom after winning four successive general election victories in 1979, 1983, 1987 and 1992. During this period the issue of Northern Ireland was often high on the political agenda most notably during the Republican hunger strikes (1980 and 1981), the Anglo-Irish Agreement (1985), the inter-party talks (1991-92), and the emergence by the mid 1990s of the 'peace process' which led to the declaration of ceasefires by the main loyalist and republican paramilitary groups in 1994.
(See also: Conservative Party of Northern Ireland.)
Conservative Party in Northern Ireland (CPNI)
synonyms: The 'Model' North
Down Association of the Conservative Party (??)
A branch of the British Conservative Party. Although both the
Labour and Conservative parties said for many years that they
would not organise in Northern Ireland, the Conservative Party
was forced, by a vote at their annual conference in 1989, to begin
campaigning in the region. A branch of the Conservative Party
was established in North Down but has had only mixed political
success at the polls.
[Old Web Site:
Consultative Group on the Past (CGP)
synonyms: Independent Consultative Group; Independent Consultative Group on the Past
The Consultative Group on the Past was an independent group established on 22 June 2007 to seek a consensus across Northern Ireland on the best way to deal with the legacy of the past. The group was established by Peter Hain, then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland. The group was co-chaired by Denis Bradley, who was vice chairman of the Policing Board, and Lord Eames, the former Archbishop of Armagh. Other members of the group included: Jarlath Burns, former GAA captain of Armagh, Rev Lesley Carroll, Presbyterian minister, Willie John McBride, former captain of the British and Irish Lions rugby team, James Mackey, former lecturer in philosophy at Queen's University Belfast, Elaine Moore, alcohol and drugs counsellor, and David Porter, director of the Centre for Contemporary Christianity in Ireland. Martti Ahtisaari, Decommissioning commissioner and Brian Currin, South African lawyer and former chairman of the Parades Commission, agreed to act as international advisers to the panel.
On 6 September 2007 the Group issued a public appeal for submissions with a deadline of 7 December 2007. Initially the Group hoped to report on its findings in the summer of 2008, however there was a delay and the final report was presented to the Secretary of State on 23 January 2009 and publicly launched in Belfast on 28 January 2009.
Contact details: Secretary to the Consultative Group on the Past, 20 Adelaide Street, Belfast BT2 8GD; email email@example.com.
The Final Report:
Consultative Group on the Past (CGP). (2009). Report of the Consultative Group on the Past, (23 January 2009; launched on 28 January 2009), [PDF; 640KB]. Belfast: CGPNI.
Consultative Group on the Past (CGP). (2009). Report of the Consultative Group on the Past, Executive Summary, (23 January 2009; launched on 28 January 2009), [PDF; 307KB]. Belfast: CGPNI.
Other Publications listed in the CAIN bibliography.
[Old Web site:
Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA)
synonyms: Irish Continuity Army Council (ICAC); Continuity Army Council (CAC)
A Republican paramilitary group which came to prominence in 1996 when it
claimed responsibility for a number of attacks and attempted attacks
in Northern Ireland. It is widely believed that the CIRA is made up of people who were previously members of other republican groups (particularly the IRA) but who became disaffected with the peace process and the IRA ceasefire. The CIRA has supporters in the Republic of Ireland, Belfast, Fermanagh / south Donegal area, and Derry / north Donegal area. There have been claims that the CIRA is, in effect, the military wing of Republican Sinn Féin (RSF) but this has been denied by RSF leaders. The CIRA has not declared a ceasefire and is opposed to the Good Friday Agreement.
The following are some of the attacks that the CIRA is believed to have been responsible for:
- Saturday 13 July 1996 - car bomb exploded outside the Kilyhelvin Hotel, Enniskillen, County Fermanagh; injured 17 people
- Sunday 29 September 1996 - 250 pound car bomb made of home-made explosives was abandoned in Belfast
- Thursday 21 November 1996 - bomb, which failed to explode, abandoned in Derry
- Thursday 31 July 1997 - bomb, estimated at between 500 and 1,000 pounds, was left in the grounds of Carrybridge Hotel, near Lisballaw, County Fermanagh
- Saturday 9 August 1997 - planted a hoax van bomb on Craigavon Bridge in Derry
- Tuesday 16 September 1997 - bomb, estimated at 400 pounds, exploded in Markethill, County Armagh, and caused extensive damage to buildings
- Thursday 30 October 1997 - responsible for the attempted bombing of government offices in Derry
- Thursday 20 November 1997 - left a small bomb behind Belfast City Hall
- Tuesday 6 January 1998 - large car bomb was defused in the centre of Banbridge, County Down
- Saturday 24 January 1998 - car bomb exploded outside an entertainment club, the 'River Club' on Factory Road in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh
- Friday 20 February 1998 - exploded a large car bomb, estimated at 500 pounds, outside the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) station in the centre of Moria, County Down
- Monday 23 February 1998 - exploded a large car bomb, estimated at 300 pounds, in the centre of Portadown, County Armagh
- 6 February 2000 - bomb explosion at a hotel in Irvinestown; there were no injuries
- 1 June 2000 - planted bomb under Hammersmith Bridge, London
- 19 July 2000 - planted bomb at Acton Underground Station, London
- 20 September 2000 - fired an anti-tank rocket at the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI5) headquarters at Vauxhall Bridge, London
- 1 November 2000 - booby-trap bomb in Castlewellan, County Down
- 20 February 2001 - left a booby-trap bomb at Territorial Army base at White City, London
- 4 March 2001 - may have been responsible for bomb attack on BBC Television Centre at Shepherd's Bush, London
For a full list see the Chronology of Dissident Republican Activity, 1994-2011.
Membership: Membership is probably numbered in the dozens. It is believed that it attracted members from the "real" IRA (rIRA) when that organisation declared a ceasefire in 1998.
Arsenal: The CIRA is known to be in the possession of some weapons that were taken from IRA dumps. The CIRA probably has access to a few dozen rifles, machine guns, and pistols; a small amount of Semtex (commercial high explosive); and a few dozen detonators.
Co-operation North (CN)
(See: Co-operation Ireland; CI.)
Co-operation Ireland (CI)
(Previously Co-operation North)
An organisation established in June 1978 by leaders in business, trade unions and academic
life, with the objective of achieving respect for differing traditions
by encouraging practical co-operation. The stated aim of the group
is: "To advance mutual understanding and respect by promoting
practical co-operation between the people of Northern Ireland
and the Republic of Ireland." Co-operation North runs a number
of exchange schemes and residential conferences in the hoping
of establishing long-term links between people.
Corrymeela Community, The (CC)
[Photograph: Sign at Corrymeela centre, County Antrim]
A dispersed community of
Protestants and Catholics established by the Reverend Ray Davey
in 1965. The Corrymeela Community has a number of aims: to show
that Protestants and Catholics can be brought together in reconciliation;
to provide opportunities for people from both communities to meet;
to support the victims of violence; and to address contemporary
issues of Christianity.
The Corrymeela Community runs two centres, one near Ballycastle,
County Antrim, and the second in Belfast. The centre in Belfast
acts as an administrative office and a base for workers in the
Belfast area. The centre in Ballycastle operates as a residential
base for groups of people from all backgrounds to hold events
on social, cultural, political, and religious themes. Corrmeela
supports new projects in peace and reconciliation work and undertakes
training in the field of conflict resolution and mediation.
Council for Catholic Maintained Schools (CCMC)
The Council for Catholic Maintained Schools (CCMC) was established in 1989 with the backing of the Department of Education for Northern Ireland (DENI). The main function of the CCMC is to provide an upper tier of management for the Catholic maintained sector and to liase with DENI and the Education and Library Boards (ELB) in Northern Ireland on issues dealing with the Catholic school sector.
Council for the Union (CU)
A group set up in 1981 by James Molyneaux, the then leader of the Ulster Unionist Party,
to try to halt what he saw as the drift towards a united Ireland as evident in the Anglo-Irish talks that were then ongoing.
Council of the Isles
The Council of the Isles was the original term for the British-Irish Council.
(see British-Irish Council)
Counteract is a unit established
in 1990 by members of the trade union movement and sponsored by
the Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU) to work against intimidation
and sectarianism in the workplace and community. Counteract undertakes
research on the level of intimidation and encourages trade unions
and employers to respond to it.
Criminal Assets Bureau (CAB)
The Criminal Assets Bureau was established on the 15 October 1996 in the Republic of Ireland as a Statutory Body by the Criminal Assets Bureau Act (1996). The CAB forms part of the National Support Services Branch. The Bureau is staffed by officers from An Garda Síochána (Irish Police), Revenue Commissioners Taxes, Revenue Commissioners Customs and the Department of Social, Community and Family Affairs. It is headed by the Chief Bureau Officer, who is a Chief Superintendent of An Garda Síochána, reporting to the Commissioner on the performance and functions of the Bureau.
The CAB has also established a very close working relationship with the Assets Recovery Agency (ARA) in Belfast and London. The two agencies have worked closely together on a number of cases which have a cross-border dimension.
An orgainsation set up to support victims of the conflict. (xx)
(See: Details on vicitims organisations.)
Crumlin Ardoyne Residents Association (CARA)
The Crumlin Ardoyne Residents Association (CARA) was one of a number of residents groups set up, in nationalist areas across Northern Ireland, to protest at loyal order parades.CARA was established in 2009 (?). GARC was described in the media as a group "which tends to reflect Sinn Fein's analysis". People opposed to CARA established the Greater Ardoyne Residents Collective (GARC).
Cultural Traditions Group (CTG)
The CTG was established in
1988 but was incorporated into the Community Relations Council
(CRC) in January 1990. The group was set up to encourage better
understanding of the different traditions of the two communities.
(see: Community Relations Council)
Cumann na mBan
The women's wing of the Irish Republican Army (IRA). The organisation was proscribed (illegal)
in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The organisation was believed to play a mainly supporting role in IRA activities.
(xx) Indicates that an entry is being prepared.
(?) Information is a best estimate while awaiting an update.
(??) Information is doubtful and is awaiting an update.
[Main Entry] Indicates that a longer separate entry is planned in the future.
For related and background information see also:
- The list of acronyms associated with 'the Troubles'.
- The glossary of terms related to the conflict.
- The biographies of people who were prominent during 'the Troubles'.
- The chronology of the conflict.
The information in the abstracts has been compiled from numerous primary and secondary sources. The best general sources for additional information are:
- Crozier, Maurna., and Sanders, Nicholas. (eds.) (1992) Cultural Traditions Directory for Northern Ireland. Belfast: Institute of Irish Studies, Queen's University.
- Dunn, Seamus., and Dawson, Helen. (2000) An Alphabetical Listing of Word, Name and Place in Northern Ireland. Lampeter: Edwin Mellen Press.
- Elliott, Sydney., and Flackes, W.D. (1999) Northern Ireland: A Political Directory, 1968-1999. Belfast: Blackstaff Press.
- Hinds, Joe. (1994), A Guide to Peace, Reconciliation and Community Relations Projects in Ireland. Belfast: Community Relations Council.
initial letter of the name of the organisation